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How to Become a Veterinarian

by
Lavanya Khare
Jun 3, 2022

A veterinary doctor is an individual who attends to the needs of, and treats, farm and domestic animals. Read here to know everything about this career!

Who is a Veterinarian?

A veterinary doctor treats animals of all shapes and sizes. Some may specialise in treating domestic or farm animals, while others may work with pathology or animal dentistry. A veterinary doctor needs to be, above all, a calm and caring person. They play an important role as they have to maintain a relaxed demeanour while working with animals that are unwell or injured. They also have to remain calm while dealing with worried and stressed animal owners. 

In this day and age, animals are considered to be a member of the family. And as a result, their diagnosis and treatment is  of utmost importance. Families put the lives of their pets into the hands of their veterinarians and hence, the need for skilled vets has increased.

What is a Vet’s Job Description?

Earlier, due to a shortage of skilled veterinary doctors, most did all the tasks around a clinic. But more recently, there has been an increase of specialisations amongst vets. But all in all, a vet’s duty is to the patient and to ensure that the animal they are treating is comfortable and in no pain. Some of the other tasks of a veterinary doctor include:

  1. Examining animals and diagnosing them
  2. Based on diagnosis, deciding on a treatment plan
  3. Applying bandages and dressing the animal’s wounds. This can include stitches, plasters, etc
  4. Perform surgeries including spaying and neutering, dental, orthopaedic, and eye surgeries
  5. Vaccinating animals to prevent diseases
  6. In case of emergencies, making home visits to treat animals
  7. Advice to pet owners on how to take care of their pet’s diet, medication, and general healthcare.
  8. Updating and maintaining animal health care records.

What Skills are Needed to be a Veterinary Doctor?

Veterinary doctors need skills that lie beyond their medical knowledge and ability to treat animals. This is because they are  constantly interacting with the owners of the animals as well, and so, a good bedside manner is needed. Some of the other skills they need include:

1. Good Communication Skills

They must be able to communicate and work well beside their coworkers to explain treatment plans. They also need to remain calm and clearly explain the animal’s diagnosis to the owners. A calm demeanour and clarity with  explanations is a must. They should also be able to explain medical terminology clearly and in simple language.

2. Problem Solving Skills

A diagnosis doesn’t always come easily and often, a veterinarian must think outside the box. Rather than get frazzled, a vet must use his or her  problem solving skills and create a plan to treat the animal.

3. Flexibility

A vet’s working hours may change based on their patient load and the availability of their colleagues. They must be available to work weekends and holidays if required. 

What are the Benefits of being a Veterinarian?

Being a veterinary doctor, much like other careers, has its ups and downs. However, the joy that comes with helping an animal and easing their pain, is unsurpassed. Here are some more benefits of being a vet:

1. Job Satisfaction

You get to take care of and treat animals. Seeing an animal eased out of  pain and helped by your actions, brings a certain kind of joy. It pushes a vet to work harder and focus on their patients.

2. Competitive Salaries

Private veterinary clinics can pay good salaries and skilled, well-spoken veterinary doctors are always in demand. Animal owners are now paying closer attention to their pets and are willing to pay money for effective treatments. Hence, becoming a veterinary doctor is now a lucrative profession.

3. Option to Run a Private Practice

There is always the option of running a private practice for any vet. This allows them flexibility with their work hours and the opportunity to expand the business..

How to Become a Veterinarian?

There are two points at which an aspiring vet can pursue a future towards becoming a veterinarian. They can apply for a diploma degree after Std. 10 or then take the NEET exams after 10+2 and pursue a degree in veterinary science and animal husbandry (B.V.Sc. & AH). Here are the ways to go about both:

Veterinary Diploma

Aspirants can opt for these diplomas after Std. 10 and after two years, take their NEET exams. These diplomas train interested individuals in veterinary sciences and animal husbandry (the science of taking care of farm animals).

NEET Exam After 10+2

47 B.V.Sc. & AH colleges in India take admissions for their bachelor programmes based on the results of the NEET exams. The NEET UG exams are taken once a year.

What are the Veterinary Doctor Courses Available to Become a Vet?

As mentioned above, aspirants can take one of two routes, a diploma after Std. 10 or the NEET exams after 10+2. 

Veterinary Diploma Courses-

  • Diploma in Dairy Farming
  • Diploma in Veterinary Lab Technician
  • Diploma in Animal Husbandry and Dairying
  • Diploma in Veterinary Pharmacy

After completing the diploma, individuals can opt to start working or appear for the NEET exams.

NEET Exam After 10+2

There are many colleges in India offering a Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry after the completion of the NEET NTA exams:

  • Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Udaipur
  • Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana

What are the Entrance Exams Required to Become a Veterinary Doctor?

For those who choose to apply to a veterinary degree after 10+2, they must take the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) exam. The details of the NEET UG exam are as follows:

Requirements NEET Exam
Subjects Studied in 10+2 Pass 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Biotechnology, and English as core subjects from a recognised board
Maximum Age Limit No age limit
Subjects Tested Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany

What Specialisation Can One Do After a B.V.Sc. & AH Degree?

After completing the degree at an undergraduate level, one can continue to study further by taking one of two paths - a Master of Science degree or a Master of Veterinary Science degree. There is no requirement to take the NEET PG exams to enrol in these programmes. Here are some of the specialisations available with each of the two degrees:

Master of Science:

  1. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Parasitology
  2. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
  3. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Public Health
  4. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Anatomy & Histology
  5. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Gynaecology & Obstetrics 

Master of Veterinary Science:

  1. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Veterinary Public Health
  2. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Livestock Production and Management
  3. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Animal Biotechnology
  4. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Animal Genetics and Breeding
  5. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Biostatistics

Some Frequently Asked Questions About Becoming a Veterinary Doctor

1. What is the salary of a vet in India?

The average salary of a vet in India is ₹5,00,000 lakh per annum according to AmbitionBox.

2. Where can qualified veterinarians work?

Qualified veterinarians can work in private practices, run their own clinics, government run clinics, and work at zoos and farms.

3. What is the best veterinary college in India?

The best veterinary college in India is Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

4. What is the full form of B.VSc.?

The full form is B.VSc. is Bachelor of Veterinary Science.

5. What are the Fees of Veterinary Colleges in India?

Below are the fees for the top 3 veterinary colleges in India:

College Course Fees
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi ₹3,02,500 (est)
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly ₹1,59,000 (est)
Maharashtra Animal & FisherySciences University ₹72,550

Loans for Students

Banks across the country offer students loans for their higher studies with interest rates as low as 7.5%. There are also organisations such as Propelld offering 100% digitised private student loans.

How to Become a Veterinarian

Lavanya Khare
June 3, 2022
memberstack logo
Shivam Bhardwaj
March 15th 2022
Table of Contents

Who is a Veterinarian?

A veterinary doctor treats animals of all shapes and sizes. Some may specialise in treating domestic or farm animals, while others may work with pathology or animal dentistry. A veterinary doctor needs to be, above all, a calm and caring person. They play an important role as they have to maintain a relaxed demeanour while working with animals that are unwell or injured. They also have to remain calm while dealing with worried and stressed animal owners. 

In this day and age, animals are considered to be a member of the family. And as a result, their diagnosis and treatment is  of utmost importance. Families put the lives of their pets into the hands of their veterinarians and hence, the need for skilled vets has increased.

What is a Vet’s Job Description?

Earlier, due to a shortage of skilled veterinary doctors, most did all the tasks around a clinic. But more recently, there has been an increase of specialisations amongst vets. But all in all, a vet’s duty is to the patient and to ensure that the animal they are treating is comfortable and in no pain. Some of the other tasks of a veterinary doctor include:

  1. Examining animals and diagnosing them
  2. Based on diagnosis, deciding on a treatment plan
  3. Applying bandages and dressing the animal’s wounds. This can include stitches, plasters, etc
  4. Perform surgeries including spaying and neutering, dental, orthopaedic, and eye surgeries
  5. Vaccinating animals to prevent diseases
  6. In case of emergencies, making home visits to treat animals
  7. Advice to pet owners on how to take care of their pet’s diet, medication, and general healthcare.
  8. Updating and maintaining animal health care records.

What Skills are Needed to be a Veterinary Doctor?

Veterinary doctors need skills that lie beyond their medical knowledge and ability to treat animals. This is because they are  constantly interacting with the owners of the animals as well, and so, a good bedside manner is needed. Some of the other skills they need include:

1. Good Communication Skills

They must be able to communicate and work well beside their coworkers to explain treatment plans. They also need to remain calm and clearly explain the animal’s diagnosis to the owners. A calm demeanour and clarity with  explanations is a must. They should also be able to explain medical terminology clearly and in simple language.

2. Problem Solving Skills

A diagnosis doesn’t always come easily and often, a veterinarian must think outside the box. Rather than get frazzled, a vet must use his or her  problem solving skills and create a plan to treat the animal.

3. Flexibility

A vet’s working hours may change based on their patient load and the availability of their colleagues. They must be available to work weekends and holidays if required. 

What are the Benefits of being a Veterinarian?

Being a veterinary doctor, much like other careers, has its ups and downs. However, the joy that comes with helping an animal and easing their pain, is unsurpassed. Here are some more benefits of being a vet:

1. Job Satisfaction

You get to take care of and treat animals. Seeing an animal eased out of  pain and helped by your actions, brings a certain kind of joy. It pushes a vet to work harder and focus on their patients.

2. Competitive Salaries

Private veterinary clinics can pay good salaries and skilled, well-spoken veterinary doctors are always in demand. Animal owners are now paying closer attention to their pets and are willing to pay money for effective treatments. Hence, becoming a veterinary doctor is now a lucrative profession.

3. Option to Run a Private Practice

There is always the option of running a private practice for any vet. This allows them flexibility with their work hours and the opportunity to expand the business..

How to Become a Veterinarian?

There are two points at which an aspiring vet can pursue a future towards becoming a veterinarian. They can apply for a diploma degree after Std. 10 or then take the NEET exams after 10+2 and pursue a degree in veterinary science and animal husbandry (B.V.Sc. & AH). Here are the ways to go about both:

Veterinary Diploma

Aspirants can opt for these diplomas after Std. 10 and after two years, take their NEET exams. These diplomas train interested individuals in veterinary sciences and animal husbandry (the science of taking care of farm animals).

NEET Exam After 10+2

47 B.V.Sc. & AH colleges in India take admissions for their bachelor programmes based on the results of the NEET exams. The NEET UG exams are taken once a year.

What are the Veterinary Doctor Courses Available to Become a Vet?

As mentioned above, aspirants can take one of two routes, a diploma after Std. 10 or the NEET exams after 10+2. 

Veterinary Diploma Courses-

  • Diploma in Dairy Farming
  • Diploma in Veterinary Lab Technician
  • Diploma in Animal Husbandry and Dairying
  • Diploma in Veterinary Pharmacy

After completing the diploma, individuals can opt to start working or appear for the NEET exams.

NEET Exam After 10+2

There are many colleges in India offering a Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry after the completion of the NEET NTA exams:

  • Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Udaipur
  • Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana

What are the Entrance Exams Required to Become a Veterinary Doctor?

For those who choose to apply to a veterinary degree after 10+2, they must take the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) exam. The details of the NEET UG exam are as follows:

Requirements NEET Exam
Subjects Studied in 10+2 Pass 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Biotechnology, and English as core subjects from a recognised board
Maximum Age Limit No age limit
Subjects Tested Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany

What Specialisation Can One Do After a B.V.Sc. & AH Degree?

After completing the degree at an undergraduate level, one can continue to study further by taking one of two paths - a Master of Science degree or a Master of Veterinary Science degree. There is no requirement to take the NEET PG exams to enrol in these programmes. Here are some of the specialisations available with each of the two degrees:

Master of Science:

  1. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Parasitology
  2. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
  3. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Public Health
  4. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Anatomy & Histology
  5. Master of Science (M.Sc) in Veterinary Gynaecology & Obstetrics 

Master of Veterinary Science:

  1. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Veterinary Public Health
  2. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Livestock Production and Management
  3. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Animal Biotechnology
  4. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Animal Genetics and Breeding
  5. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) in Biostatistics

Some Frequently Asked Questions About Becoming a Veterinary Doctor

1. What is the salary of a vet in India?

The average salary of a vet in India is ₹5,00,000 lakh per annum according to AmbitionBox.

2. Where can qualified veterinarians work?

Qualified veterinarians can work in private practices, run their own clinics, government run clinics, and work at zoos and farms.

3. What is the best veterinary college in India?

The best veterinary college in India is Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

4. What is the full form of B.VSc.?

The full form is B.VSc. is Bachelor of Veterinary Science.

5. What are the Fees of Veterinary Colleges in India?

Below are the fees for the top 3 veterinary colleges in India:

College Course Fees
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi ₹3,02,500 (est)
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly ₹1,59,000 (est)
Maharashtra Animal & FisherySciences University ₹72,550

Loans for Students

Banks across the country offer students loans for their higher studies with interest rates as low as 7.5%. There are also organisations such as Propelld offering 100% digitised private student loans.

Fund your Education with Study Loans

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